IPL Pigmentation

SkinTuition uses – Lumenis M22 combination platform

As a pioneer in aesthetic medicine, Lumenis developed the first IPL technology and the first Photorejuvenation platform, making it the gold standard of IPL

IPL stands for Intense Pulsed Light. It is also known as an IPL treatment or photo-rejuvenation and is a popular treatment for pigmentation.


Pigmentation Anatomy

Many people suffer from uneven skin tone or Pigmentation.

Pigmented lesions can be classified according to the
location of the pigment.

Here we look at the most common types of Pigment
treated with IPL

Pigmentation can occur in the epidermis (e.g. lentigines), dermis (e.g. nevus of Ota), or both the epidermis and dermis to build a compound pigmentation (e.g. melasma)

Hyperpigmentation / Hypermelanosis
Hyperpigmentation is caused by an increase in melanin, which is the natural pigment that gives colour to our skin, hair and eyes. A number of factors can cause an increase in melanin production, including certain medical conditions or medications.

Sun exposure is the primary cause of hyperpigmentation, as it triggers the
production of melanin which protects the skin from harmful UV rays,
Hyperpigmentation results in flat, darkened patches of skin that can vary in
size and colour.

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation occurs when a skin injury or trauma
heals and leaves a flat area of discolouration, the skin is left darkened and
discoloured after the wound has healed. This usually appears on the neck or face and is commonly found among acne or eczema sufferers. This is
mostly seen in darker skin types

Age spots / Lentigines
Flat, sharply defined, rounded, brown or black pigmentation
Occurring most often on areas that have had the greatest sun exposure, such as Hands, Face, Forearms, Forehead, Shoulders.

Pigmentation and age
As the skin ages, the number of melanin-producing cells, known as melanocytes decrease. The remaining cells increase in size, however, and their distribution becomes more focused. These physiological changes explain the increase of age spots in those over the age of 40

Melasma / Chloasma
Melasma is a form of hormone-induced hyperpigmentation, it is common during pregnancy and is thought to occur when oestrogen and progesterone, the two key female sex hormones, stimulate the overproduction of melanin, particularly when the skin is exposed to sunlight and larger patches of hyperpigmentation develop mainly on the face – particularly the mouth and forehead – Melasma occurs in 50% of pregnant women in the UK and in 10-25% of women taking oral
contraceptives This Hyperpigmentation can also be a side effect of certain hormone treatments.

Hyperpigmentation on the upper lip can occur due to hormonal changes

IPL Treatment

Treatment Rationale
Melanosomes break by heating.
Pigment-containing cells explode by conducted heat.
Shattered melanin aggregates into small particles.
Melanin from pigmented lesions and cell debris are absorbed.




Immediate Darkening
Erythema around lesion
After a few days the lesion will lessen or disappear

Recovery
Sun exposure is discouraged, to minimise sensitivity to the skin and stimulation of further pigmntation

Results
The results of IPL will appear immediately after the treatment and continue to improve over the next few days.

How many treatment sessions are needed?
Most patients will require from one to three IPL treatment sessions, spaced approximately 4 weeks apart.

Before and after Treatment

3 treatments at
monthly intervals